Pakistan’s Education System
Pakistan’s education system has great potential to overcome the hurdles coming in our education. The system of education encompasses the institutions that participate in providing the formal educational system (public or private nonprofit and for-profit and online or online education) along with their faculties students’ physical infrastructure, resources, and regulations.
Analyze Pakistan’s Education System:
Pakistan has declared its intention to improve literacy and education throughout the country through educational policies at the domestic level, and also by involving itself in international agreements regarding education. The national policies for education are the plans which provide strategies to boost literacy in the country, build capacity, and improve the facilities of schools and educational institutions. MDGs and EFA programs are international commitments by Pakistan to promote literacy.
Issues: The problems lead to an understanding of the challenges encountered in the process of developing education and increasing literacy. The study highlights seven main issues, including:
1) Insufficient planning:
Pakistan is a participant in the MDGs and EFA goals. It is however evident that the country will not succeed in achieving these international commitments due to challenges in managing finances and the constraints to meet the goals of the MDGs as well as EFA goals.
2.) Social limitations:
It is important to understand that the challenges that hamper the provision of education are not only because of issues with administration by the government, but some of them have their roots in the social and cultural attitude of the population.
3.) Gender gap:
The main factors that limit girls’ enrolment include the burden of poverty, cultural limitations such as illiteracy among parents, and parent-child concerns regarding security and the mobility of daughters. The importance placed by society on girls’ modesty protection and early marriages could hinder families’ willingness to send their daughters to school. It is also a major aspect of hurdles in Pakistan’s Education System.
4.) The cost of schooling:
The economic cost is higher for private schools, however, these are in more affluent areas just. It is a paradox that private schools are superior however, they’re not all the same. Government schools guarantee equal access however they don’t provide a high-quality education.
5.) War on Terror:
Pakistan’s participation in combating terrorism also impacted the literacy promotion campaign. These militants are targeting schools as well as students and several schools were destroyed, students and teachers suffered fatal injuries at the hands of militants in Baluchistan, KPK, and FATA. It is possible that this has a role to play, but to the extent of other factors, however, it is still a significant aspect.
6) Education Funds:
Pakistan spends 2.4 percent of its GDP on education. On a national scale, 89% of education expenditure is a result of ongoing expenses like teachers’ salaries, whereas only 11% of it is the development sector, which is not enough to improve the standards of education.
7.) Tech Education:
A sufficient amount of attention has been paid to the technical and vocational education of Pakistan. In Pakistan’s education system, the number of vocational and technical training institutions is not enough and many are deficient in infrastructure, instructors, and the tools to facilitate training.
A well-known quote from Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Quaid-e-Azam:
• “EDUCATION IS A MATTER OF LIFE AND DEATH FOR PAKISTAN. THE WORLD IS PROGRESSING SO RAPIDLY THAT WITHOUT REQUISITE ADVANCE IN EDUCATION, NOT ONLY we could LAG BEHIND OTHERS BUT could also be exhausted ALTOGETHER. ”
• We created laws like Article 25-A that states the following:
• THE STATE SHALL PROVIDE FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION to all or any CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE of 5 TO SIXTEEN YEARS IN SUCH a fashion AS could also be DETERMINED BY LAW
• Unfortunately, nobody has focused on the implementation in practice of these laws. yet, there are a number of mid- or lower middle
Suggestions for Improving Education System in Pakistan:
Education Free: As stated in article 25-A of the constitution, every citizen of Pakistan is entitled to free education.
Scholarships: Govt. should award scholarships for higher education.
Pay attention to the parents: Why do I say this? because frequently, and particularly for girls parents can be the greatest barrier to their education. What can we do? we mobilize parents.
Practical Education: The need an urgent need to prioritize education and practical studies over theoretical. Starting at the elementary level Practical work should be made mandatory.
Career counseling: The practice should be required in every school within the government. and also in the private sector.
Remove Ratta System: Govt. must come up with an alternative method to eliminate this cramming (Ratta) system.
Teacher Qualifications: There must be a minimum qualification requirement for teachers to be qualified to teach in schools since in most private schools FA teachers with a pass are employed.
Trainers Training for Teachers: The teachers should be properly trained before being allowed to instruct.
Standard Syllabus A single syllabus must be developed for all schools across the country to eliminate any differences.
Proper planning: Government and Private both must sit down and develop a master plan to ensure that the proper education is provided and the government should be able to follow the plan sincerely.
Unity: It is the responsibility of governments to form partnerships with communities, NGOs, and the private sector to transfer responsibility effectively to reach universal primary education.
The Political Impact: The syllabus should not contain influence from politics in the curriculum as it is today all govt. will just highlight their chief’s praises and their history in the books.
student Political Parties: The government should impose the complete prohibition of student Political organizations in Universities and colleges.
Faculty The faculty should undergo strict supervision of the faculty hired by private and public institutions of higher education.
Tech Training Centres: Enhance the technical and vocational training facilities to be more effective to ensure that skilled young people can be created.